Solenoid Simulation


Electromagnetism is a highly complex phenomenon which can be observed by solving Maxwell equations. These equations are governed by Gauss Law, Faraday’s laws of induction & Ampere’s law .

Electromagnetic Simulation is technique of solving Magnetic, Electric Fields & Forces acting on Solenoid devices using finite element approach.

Design Challenges for Solenoid

  • Meeting the force vs stroke requirements for a device.
  • Reducing closing time
  • Maintaining sizes while still meeting the force requirements
  • Understanding behavior of Solenoid considering Electrical, Mechanical, Magnetic & Hydraulic loads

Types of Simulations for Solenoid

2D/3D Finite Element Analysis

  • Steady State
  • Transient Solver (time domain)

Electrical analysis with coupled mechanical components

  • Complicated electrical control or mechanical parts


Coupled thermal and stress analysis

  • Temperature rise & mechanical stress

Design optimization

  • For shape, position and current for a desired force
  • For design alternatives with parametric variables

Few Important Observations which can obtained from Electromagnetic Simulation


  • Force
  • Inductances
  • Magnetic Flux Density
  • Flux Lines
  • Efficiency
  • Core & Frictional Losses
  • Temperatures


  • Torque V/S time characteristics
  • Current V/S Time
  • Speed V/S Time
  • Anchor Position V/S Time

Magnetic Flux Density Distribution

Advantages of Simulation for Solenoid

  • Get product insights before physical prototypes are manufactured
  • Pin-point product flaws early in development phase
  • Forecast effects of Design Change on product performance
  • Get product insights before physical prototypes are manufactured
  • Perform Virtual Testing for extreme conditions
  • Optimize product performance